Week 3 Review Worksheet

ABC/123 Version X
Week 3 Review Worksheet
PSY/203 Version 5

University of Phoenix Material
Week 3 Review Worksheet

Multiple Choice

1. Angelica wants to win the beauty contest because she wants the trophy and the recognition. She is ______________ motivated.
a. intrinsically
b. avoidance
c. extrinsically
d. situationally
2. Maslow believed all human beings strive to become ______________.
a. great people
b. self-actualized
c. goal oriented
d. achievement oriented
3. _____________________ theory postulates bodily reactions occur before emotions, and _____________________ theory postulates both bodily reactions and emotions occur at the same time.
a. Cannon–Bard theory; James–Lange theory
b. James–Lange theory; Two factor theory
c. James–Lange theory; Cannon–Bard theory
d. Emotional intelligence; Dual Pathway Model of Fear
4. ______________________ is the ability to manage emotions effectively in a variety of situations.
a. Emotional intelligence
b. Emotional resilience
c. Emotional stability
d. Mental toughness
5. ___________________ believed the process in which we handle specific psychosocial crises shapes the development of our personality throughout life.
a. Sigmund Freud
b. Erik Erickson
c. Jean Piaget
d. Albert Bandura
6. Children tend to view the world based on their personal perspectives. The term for this is
a. centration
b. egocentrism
c. ego identity
d. narcissism
7. _____________ developed theories on human development by observing his own children interact with the world.
a. Jean Piaget
b. Albert Bandera
c. Erik Erikson
d. Lev Vygotsky
8. ______________ theorized children learn through the process of interacting with different types of people throughout culture and in their daily lives.
a. Jean Piaget
b. Albert Bandera
c. Erik Erikson
d. Lev Vygotsky
9. Erikson believed one of the biggest challenges people face in late adulthood is their ability to maintain their ______________ as they approach the end of their life.
a. sense of self
b. ego identity
c. ego integrity
d. self-efficacy
10. According to Erikson’s psychosocial development theory, what is the life crisis stage when people develop close relations with others?
a. Identity versus role diffusion
b. Intimacy versus isolation
c. Generativity versus stagnation
d. Integrity versus despair
Fill in the Blank
1. ​​​​_________________ A state of deprivation or deficiency
2. _________________ A state of bodily tension, such as hunger or thirst
3. _________________ Rewards or other stimuli that motivate us to do something
4. _________________ The motive or desire to become successful
5. _________________ The desire to earn wealth or the respect of others
6. _________________ Achieving self-satisfaction by completing a particular goal
7. _________________ Feeling states that psychologists view as having cognitive, physiological, and behavioral components
8. _________________ The belief that emotions occur after people become aware of the physiological responses to triggering stimuli
9. _________________ The belief that emotional and physiological responses occur simultaneously
10. _________________ A mental framework for understanding or acting on the environment
11. _________________ The process of adjustment that enables people to function more effectively in meeting the demands they face in different environments
12. _________________ The process of incorporating new objects or situations into existing schemas
13. _________________ The process of creating new schemas or modify existing ones to account for new objects and experiences
14. _________________ The recognition that objects continue to exist, even if they disappear from view
15. _________________ The tendency to see the world from one’s own perspective
16. _________________ The attainment of a psychological sense of knowing oneself and one’s direction in life
17. _________________ A stressful period of self-evaluation on issues relating to personal values and one’s direction in life
18. _________________ Theorist focused on the social relationships humans have throughout life
19. _________________ Theorist who developed theories on human development by observing his own children interact with the world
20. _________________ Theorist who developed a stage theory on how moral decision-making changes throughout one’s lifespan
Answer the following questions in at least 90 words each.
1. Describe Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development from childhood to adulthood.
2. Describe Piaget’s stages of cognitive development.
3. Describe Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
4. Contrast the major theories of emotions.
5. Describe why it is important for employers to understand the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
6. Describe why emotional intelligence would be a good trait for a customer service employee to possess.

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