TEST QUESTIONS. 1. (TCO A) Which of the following is not linked with white collar crime? (Points : 5)
Public order crime
Question 2. 2. (TCO B) Crucial evidence in white collar crime cases is most likely to come from _______. (Points : 5)
Question 3. 3. (TCO C) The famous Reader’s Digest study of auto repair shops found that ______ overcharged or performed unnecessary repairs. (Points : 5)
Question 4. 4. (TCO D) The primary focus of the contemporary scholarly literature on white collar crime has been _______. (Points : 5)
crimes of small businesses
crimes of professionals
Question 5. 5. (TCO E) In terms of character as well as personality, those who refrain from engaging in white collar crime are most likely to be ___. (Points : 5)
individuals obsessed with power and control
individuals with a strong sense of moral integrity
Question 6. 6. (TCO E) With regard to the relationship between white collar crime and personality, ___. (Points : 5)
white collar offenders will always be more prone to risk-taking than non-offenders
white collar offenders will always be more oriented toward conformity than non-offenders
most white collar offenders have been shown to have abnormal personalities
most white collar offenders appear to fall within the range of normal personality types
Question 7. 7. (TCO F) Private policing: (Points : 5)
is a much smaller enterprise than public policing
never engages in cooperative ventures with public police
is often oriented toward avoiding criminal prosecution of matters it investigates
tends to be focused on the wrongdoing of higher-level corporate officials
Question 8. 8. (TCO G) With regard to the use of the criminal law in response to white collar crime, ____________. (Points : 5)
there is fairly uniform agreement that it is the most effective form of response
it has been less widely applied from the 1970s on
it is especially effective in response to corporate crime, because it was originally developed to deal with organizations
it has been criticized by some as either inappropriate or ineffective
Question 9. 9. (TCO G) Disincentives for substantial police involvement with white collar crime have included all but the following: (Points : 5)
the determination by the police that far less harm results from white collar crime
the great investment of time and lower probability of successful resolution
the need for special forms of competence and expertise
less public and political pressure to deal with white collar crime
Question 10. 10. (TCO G) Which of the following is true of white collar sentencing practices? (Points : 5)
There is little variation in the sentences imposed on different types of white collar offenders.
Judges have been especially tough on those who commit a violation of a public trust.
When fines are imposed on white collar crime defendants, they are typically very substantial.
Orders to pay restitution are the norm in white collar crime cases.
1. (TCO A) Explain some of the issues under debate as they relate to the meaning of white collar crime. (Points : 25)
Question 2. 2. (TCO C) What are some of the motivations for employee theft? (Points : 25)
Question 3. 3. (TCO D) List the potential victims and types of crimes considered organizational crime, including corporate abuse of power, fraud, and economic exploitation. (Points : 25)
Question 4. 4. (TCO E) How does the study of criminology relate to the detection or deterrence of fraud? How does it differ from the study of accounting or auditing? (Points : 25)
1. Part a) What are the arguments in favor of the incarceration of white collar offenders?
Part b) What are the arguments against the incarceration of white collar offenders?
(Points : 35)
Question 2. 2. (TCO G) Do you think that white collar crime defendants will uniformly get a much better defense than conventional crime defendants? Why or why not? Does hiring private counsel for white collar criminals guarantee a significant advantage? Explain. (Points : 35)
Question 3. 3. (TCO H) When understanding business ethics, two developments are particularly useful. Name and explain these two developments. (Points : 35)
Question 4. 4. (TCO F) What are the strategies mentioned by the text for enhancing consciousness of white collar crime? (Points : 35)