Juvenile offenders Example Paper
Chapter 11; Q 1
Depending on the magnitude of crime committed, the judge the judge may decide to incarcerate a criminal or not. Probation is the alternate option to being incarcerated for individuals found guilty of crimes. Offenders under probations are not incarcerated but they are still under judicial supervision. A juvenile may be placed on standard probation when the judge decides that the offender need not extensive confinement in prison or restrictive environment. Standard probation for juvenile offenders is an ordered supervision by the court which requires the juvenile and his guardians or parent to follow the conditions of probation(Merlo et al, 2015). This option is aimed at ensuring the community offers protection to the juvenile at the same time reinstating the broken bond.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
More so, these ruling are focused to ensure the juvenile offenders change the behaviour in order to fit in the community. Gagnon et al, (2010) stipulate that standard probation facilitate accountability to the crime by the offender which is aimed at bridging the broken bond with the community. The characteristic for standard juvenile offenders includes complete reinstitution to the offended. The juvenile offender is required to pay compensation fee for the harm caused or injury inflicted. Moreover, the juvenile offender participates in counselling programs which are aimed at moulding back their behaviour in order to fit in the society. Merlo et al, (2015) stipulate that counselling programs help the offenders rectify their misconduct since they facilitate open interaction between the counsellor and offender.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
The counsellor is able to understand the offender’s challenges in abiding to the law and guides them accordingly. In addition, the juvenile offenders take partin community services such as clean-up projects and crafts projects which are beneficial to the community. The parents or guardians must accompany the offender in carrying out these tasks. Winterdyk (2012) details that community services teach the offenders critical lesson of accountability and responsibility thus fostering good relationship with the community. Some of these community services teach the offenders critical life skills which enhance good conduct.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
The probation officer must routinely service the work being done by the juvenile offenders to ensure they are following the court orders. However, there are some conditions for standard probation the juvenile must abide by;
- The juvenile must avoid in every way possible committing any type of crime while still on probation. Merlo et al, (2015) stipulate that committing further crimes on probation might impose more charges on the offender.
- The offender must stay remain within the jurisdiction area or contact the court in case they want to travel.
- The offender must report to the probation officer for assessment or permit the officer to carry out search in their apartments. The offender must comply or else risk being charged for violation of the court order.
- The offender must refrain from interacting with other criminals or indulge in drug abuse which may result to further crimes. Gagnon et al (2010) adds that standard probation is fostered at restoring the offender in the right direction thus preventing further crimes.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
These conditions are designed to ensure that the juvenile offenders amend their behaviour so that they can it in the society.
Juvenile probation camps are facilities for young offenders aimed at instilling values and skills through education programs. Juveniles are placed in these facilities for day ranging from 28-90 days. Miller (2014), stipulate that the juveniles are educated as they would in the community to avoid delaying their learning. Juvenile camps focus on restoring the lost credit in the community and equip these juveniles with skills necessary for restoration into the community. These programs are tailored to ensure the juvenile needs are met for successful fitting in the community. Merlo et al, (2015) adds that these camps ensure participation of the juvenile which identifies their strengths and needs. Thus they are equipped with coping skills to ensure accountability of their actions.
Additionally, the probation officer monitors their progress to ensure compliance with the court orders. Intensive aftercare is a collection of integrated services designed to prepare juvenile offenders placed out of their homes for re-entry into the community. Miller (2014) Stipulate that the main aim of these aftercare programmes is to curb recidivism. These intensive aftercare is meant for juveniles who are at a higher risk than standard probation. Out of home placements include camps, group homes and secure confinement. Aftercare transits the juvenile offenders to the community while still being supervised.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
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The placement centres must collaborate with the community to ensure effective delivery of services and supervision. These aftercare programmes focus on reforming the behaviours of the juveniles and thus preventing further delinquency. Juveniles under intensive aftercare receive integrative services such as education which are necessary for their transaction. These integrative programs facilitate in reducing recidivism. According to Gagnon et al,(2010) juveniles under intensive care hardly revert back to the crimes. The values and skills imposed to them in the aftercare facilitate in curbing recidivism.
However, a small percentage of juveniles revert back to the crimes even after the intensive care. The crowding challenges and increased costs of confinement contribute to the recidivism experienced in the small percentage. Winterdyk (2012) Stipulate that analyses carried out on over the past few years juveniles from intensive aftercare programmes depicted mixed results. These placements disrupt the juvenile’s lives they alienate the contact between the juveniles and their families. This alienation contribute to the recidivism experienced in the few juveniles. Nevertheless, these intensive aftercare prevent reduced recidivism in most juvenile offenders.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
Chapter 12; Q5
Juvenile corrections have many goals which include deterrence, reintegration, revenge and rehabilitation. However, each goal is encountered by different challenges in pursuit of correction. To begin with, juvenile correction centres aim at deterrence. They aim at preventing from breaking the law and customs which only course harm to the society. Rules, customs and other anti-criminal models encounter rebellious juvenile minds. Some of these programs such as counselling may be ineffective. Secondly, these juvenile correction centres aim at creating a stable society through instituting integrative programmes to the juvenile.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
Some of these programs entail working with the community leading to a stable community. Miller (2014) depicts that integrative programs makes the community accept the juvenile creating a stable community. Moreover, these integrative programs protect the community as well since they are able to observe the behaviour modification of the offender. Thirdly, these juvenile correct, focus at ensuring law is upheld. They emphasize on upholding the law for community safety. Despite the fact that juveniles have special needs, the law must be upheld regardless. Lastly, the correction centres are focused at retribution of the offenders to reform their conducts. Merlo et al,(2015) Stipulate that juvenile correction try as much to reform the juvenile while at times entail imposing punishment. Juvenile correction purpose to protect the miners and community at large. However, these correction centres achieve these goals partly due to the many challenges they encounter in the process of fulfilling.Juvenile offenders Example Paper
Foster homes are state certified households in which juvenile offenders are placed under the care of a foster parent approved by the court (Miller 2014). These foster parents are paid by the state government and are provided with resources they need. Youth with childhood experiences are likely to experience this sanction from courts than probation. Foster homes serve juveniles prone to delinquency caused by their parents or guardians. Foster homes are safe placements for children with poor relationships with parents which may facilitate further causing of crimes.
Upon determination that the needs of the child are insufficiently met by the parent, the judge may decide to place the juvenile in a foster home. Gagnon et al, (2010) stipulate that placement in the foster home is based on children needs and family interaction. In addition, juveniles of abuse of neglect can be placed in foster homes to prevent recidivism. These foster homes where juveniles are placed are within the state. In a nutshell, these foster homes serve juveniles from unstable family environment since their needs are insufficiently met.Juvenile offenders Example Paper.
Gagnon, J. C., & Barber, B. (2010). Characteristics of and services provided to youth in secure care facilities. Behavioral Disorders, 36(1), 7-19.
Miller, J. (2014). Probation supervision and the control of crime opportunities: An empirical assessment. Crime & Delinquency, 60(8), 1235-1257.
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Merlo, Alida V., Benekos, Peter J., & Champion, Dean J. (2015).The Juvenile Justice System: Delinquency, Processing, and the Law, Student Value Edition. Pearson College Div.
Bottom of Form
Winterdyk, J. (Ed.). (2012). Juvenile justice systems: International perspectives. Canadian Scholars’ Press. Juvenile offenders Example Paper