Characteristics In Autism Children Essay
Approximately one atlanta divorce attorneys 88 children in the United States has been identified as having Autism, also called Autism Variety Disorder, a complex neurodevelopmental disorder of unusual public and communication behaviors that commences in early life (Peterson and Barbel, 2013). This sort of disorder has been more frequent in recent years, occurring primarily in children. Despite the fact that many researchers never have yet found the exact reason behind autism, they may have pointed out several possible risk factors that donate to autistic individuals. With out a specified cause of autism and universal intervention, the troubles of diagnosing and having care for the disorder triggers more difficulty. However, it is important for parents to get early involvement for children with autism. This causes many controversies and confusions – from medical diagnosis to treatment. Yet, it is expected that new research will assist in discovering some of these mysteries areas of autism. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
Characteristics in Autism
Children with autism show an array of signs and symptoms that vary from child to child. It is difficult to saying all the characteristics and signals into simple words. Characteristics found in autistic children have made an appearance in early age ranges, from small children to infants. However, they may improve overtime as the kid develops. A study has been made to determine the parents’ experiences regarding with their autistic child, and a lot of the parents said that the autistic child encounters unusual verbal communications and motor behavior (Guinchat et al, 2012). Additional primary symptoms are strange hobbies in activities or play (usually concentrate on little things of the toy, get upset at little things), nonverbal/ verbal communication (struggling to interpret emotions, catch meaning in a word, delay or insufficient communication skills), and social interactions and romantic relationships (struggling to make eye contact, make friends, feel how many other people are being). This research was done to help doctors to easily diagnose patients that are at threat of autism. However, this is a variety disorder, meaning that this affects each individual to a certain degree, ranging from slight to severe. Each child with ASD has his / her own individual style of unusual patterns that some parents questioned, what is wrong with their child. As a result, it’s advocated that early detection of autism is up the parents and will make a huge difference on the child’s life.
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Many individuals questioned the cause of autism, however the question has continued to be open. The biggest mystery in the study of autism shows up that researchers have linked possible risk factors. Autism medical diagnosis suggested a mixture of environmental and hereditary risk factors contribute to higher likelihood of autism (Deth, Muratore, Benecry, Power-Charnitsky and Waly, 2008). Exposure to contaminants or pollution, such as pesticides in the environment generates an elevated chance of autism during pregnancy, and those contaminants surrounds a gene’s DNA can impacts the gene activity (Shelton, Hertz-Picciotto and Pessah, 2012). Furthermore, another study shows that genetics influences the chance of autism; gene mutations and sex chromosomes are linked to ASD. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.Medical conditions with syndromes such as Fragile X symptoms, Rett syndrome, and tuberous sclerosis have shown indicators of autism characteristics, but further research is still needed to demonstrate this aspect (Johnson, Giarelli, Lewis, and Rice, 2013). Although much research has been conducted to build this mysterious circumstance, analysts have yet to come up with a definite final result to the reason for autism.
There are also controversial boasts that mirror neurons are found to be delayed or dysfunctional in autism, but there is no evidence that reflection neurons in humans demonstrate that relationship. Giacomo Rizzolatii, a scientist at the University or college of Parma, learned reflection neurons in macaque monkeys; when the monkey observes an action from an individual, the monkey copies the same action (2004). He thinks that humans behave in much the same way. The role of reflection neurons give us the capability to imitate, have empathy, and capacity to understand sociable cues. Matching to articles in the Journal of Psychiatric Neuroscience and Restorative (2010), most children develop strong reflection activity while autistic individuals seem to have fragile reflection neurons in their youngsters that lead to cultural deficits (Bastiaansen et al). However, other studies did not find reflection neuron contribute to the autistic individuals. IIan Dinstein and his fellow workers doubted the mirror neuron hypothesis. His research found that when the brains were scanned, there were no differences between autistic and normal individuals while the individuals performed specific jobs (Dinstein et al, 2010). Some studies also show that autistic individuals’ reflection neurons are slower than regular while looking at the emotions or actions of others while other studies do not (Ramachandran, 2006). Due to the opposing conclusions of different studies in regards to to the reflection neuron hypothesis, the hyperlink between mirror neurons and autism remains controversial.
Evidence suggests the value of early treatment in autistic children. Children who go into programs at young age ranges will improve autism symptoms than those who enter into programs at more mature ages. One method of the early invention is the first Start Denver Model (ESDM). Based on the article in Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry (2012), autistic children who received the ESDM involvement, which involves organised coaching, a relationship-based methodology, showed substantial improvements in “IQ, words, adaptive patterns, and autism examination” (Guinchat et al). Second approach to the early intervention is the Applied Patterns Analysis Programs, perhaps most obviously treatment approach. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay. This process maximizes the encouragement of positive behaviors while discouraging negative behavior in order to improve a number of skills (Matson et al, 2012). Another approach is the therapy-based treatment. This approach provides a specific therapy that targets specific difficulties such as talk/language therapy, physical therapy, and occupational remedy. There are many sorts of interventions that will help to treat autism, and parents should do something as soon as possible, even if his / her child is not at risk of autism.
Geraldine Dawson, Ph. D. , a key science official of Autism Speak, advised that even short intervention will bring about better improvements of social habit such as imitation and small changes anticipated to early on preschool program gives some advantages to small children with autism (2012). Also, stimulating the child to learn with things and communication is important in early development. That said, imitating others will help improve other areas of autism.
An exemplory case of how early intervention is included is my little cousin, Conner. I did so not understand the characteristics of autism before repeating this research paper. Every time we had family gatherings and I tried out to acknowledge him, he would run away in dread toward a nonfamily member. I stepped apart and asked his mother what his problem was. She explained he is identified as having autism and has some issues approaching other people. As I discovered, he looked normal. The nonfamily member is a behavioral involvement specialist, also known as his nanny, who watches over him. He would not interact with the other little cousins, but only with his nanny. Regarding to his mom, he had not been in a position to be accepted into day care scheduled to his special needs. He’s the only relative that is autistic.
Overall, doing a research paper upon this topic led me to find out that autism is an extremely difficult disorder to understand. This matter on autism will develop over time and further research will be conducted with the purpose of discovery of the complexities and medicine. The biological facet of the disorder is a secret. Extended research on the introduction of the autistic child in accordance with a standard child will help in diagnosing and treating. By using diagnosis, we can develop proper early intervention techniques to favorably decrease the disorders’ effects. There are several research endeavors that are being done pertaining to this disorder. The purpose of this research for future is to improve awareness to parents about their early on child that maybe at the risk of autism. Also, they can seek characteristics followed by early intervention that will help easily examination and treat.Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
The first is a pattern of irregular language development. Although, most people with autism do develop language skills, they are generally not at a level of a typically developing person and the progress of their language development is usually slow and irregular. An example of the irregular pattern of speech development seen in autism is Echolalia. Some estimates say that 85% of those with autism spectrum disorder who are verbal with show Echolalia in some form. (Teach Me to Talk, 2008) There are two types of echolalia. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.Immediate echolalia and delayed echolalia. Immediate echolalia occurs when the child echoes the words immediately after another says them. Delayed echolalia is when a child repeats the words or phrases long after they were originally said. This can occur days, weeks, or even months later. Another example of irregular speech development is prosody. Webster dictionary defines prosody as the rhythm and pattern of the sounds of language. Some people with autism may know the correct vocabulary to use but are unable to use a correct tone of voice. Not only are they unable to use prosody, but they are not able to detect its use others. (Rudy, 2010) This can make them appear emotionally distant, or uninterested. An example of this is; a child, who has autism spectrum disorder, is talking
Doctors typically diagnose autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in childhood when symptoms can occur before 3 years of age, according to the American Autism Association.
In the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) suggest that 1 in 59 children has ASD.
The term “spectrum” refers to the wide variety of symptoms and severities within ASD. Some people with the condition experience debilitating social problems while others may be able to function more independently.
ASD is an umbrella term that accounts for a number of neurodevelopmental conditions.
In the newest edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s guidelines for diagnosis, known as the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), they have added the following disorders to the category of ASD: Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
- Asperger syndrome
- childhood disintegrative disorder
- pervasive developmental disorders not otherwise specified
While different types of ASD occur, common experiences among people with the condition include impairment in social situations and the adoption of repetitive behaviors.
Some autistic children might seem to show symptoms from birth, while others may develop more obvious signs as they become older.
Autism also has links to other medical conditions, such as epilepsy and tuberous sclerosis complex. According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), an estimated 20–30% of autistic people develop epilepsy by the time they reach childhood. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
ASD may have a number of effects on a person’s social interaction and communication, including:
- adoption of unusual speech patterns, such as using a robot-like tone
- avoiding eye contact with others
- not babbling or cooing to parents as an infant
- not responding to their name
- late development of speech skills
- having difficulty with maintaining conversation
- frequently repeating phrases
- apparent difficulty in understanding feelings and expressing their own
As well as impaired communication, an autistic person may also display repetitive or unusual behaviors.
Examples of these include:
- becoming so invested in a topic that it seems to consume them, such as cars, train timetables, or planes
- becoming preoccupied with objects, such as a toy or household object
- engaging in repetitive motions, such as rocking side to side
- lining up or arranging toys or objects in very orderly ways
An autistic person might also experience balance or motor issues.
Around 1 in 10 autistic people exhibit signs of savant syndrome, although this condition might also occur in people with other developmental conditions or nervous system injuries.
Savant syndrome occurs when a person demonstrates extraordinary abilities in a particular field, such as playing a musical instrument, calculating extremely complex sums at high speed, reading two pages of a book simultaneously, or being able to memorize vast amounts of knowledge. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
Autistic people thrive on routine and the ability to predict the outcomes of certain behaviors and places. A break in routine or exposure to loud, overstimulating environments can overwhelm an autistic person, leading to outbursts of anger, frustration, distress, or sadness.
No specific test can diagnose autism. Instead, doctors reach a diagnosis through parental reports of behavior, observation, and by ruling out other conditions.
For example, if a child has undiagnosed hearing loss, the symptoms can be similar to autism.
The causes of autism are currently not known, but significant numbers of studies are underway with a view to learning how it develops.
Researchers have identified several genes that appear to have connections to ASD. Sometimes, these genes arise by spontaneously mutate. In other cases, people may inherit them.
In studies of twins, autism often has a strong correlation between twins. For example, if one twin has autism, the other is likely to have autism an estimated 36–95% of the time, according to the NINDS. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.
Autistic people may also undergo changes in key areas of their brains that impact their speech and behavior. Environmental factors might also play a role in the development of ASD, although doctors have not yet confirmed a link.
However, researchers do know that some rumored causes, such as parenting practices, do not cause autism.
Do vaccines cause autism?
Another common misconception surrounding autism is that receiving vaccines, such as those for measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR), can contribute to autism.
However, the CDC report that there is no known connection between vaccines and autism. Characteristics In Autism Children Essay.