Accounting homework help

Adjusting Entries, Inventory, And Cost Of Goods Sold

Complete two accounting exercises in which you prepare adjusting journal entries and income statements and compute financial ratios, inventory costs, and gross profit using a provided worksheet.

Introduction

This assessment extends your analysis of merchandising activities by focusing on the valuation of the organization’s inventory that is available for sale to wholesalers and point-of-sale consumers. An understanding of inventory accounting helps in the analysis and interpretation of financial statements prepared by large retailers and small owner-operated specialty retailers.

Merchandise Business Accounting

The first assessment dealt with accounting and reporting activities for businesses that provide services to their customers. In contrast to this business type, merchandisers earn their revenues through the purchase and resale of goods. The two most common types of merchandisers are wholesalers and retailers. A wholesaler generally purchases goods from a manufacturer and sells them to retailers or other intermediaries. A retailer buys direct from either the manufacturer or a wholesaler and resells these goods to consumers. There are some fundamental differences between accounting for merchandise and service operations. Accounting homework help

Merchandise Inventory

Accounting for inventory affects both the balance sheet and the income statement. The major goal in accounting for inventory is to properly match costs with sales and, as such, use the matching principle to decide how much of the cost of goods available for sale is deducted from sales and how much is carried forward as inventory and matched against future sales.

Overview

This assessment consists of two accounting exercises. The exercises are provided in the Adjusting Entries, Inventory, and Cost of Goods Sold Worksheet. Use this worksheet to record and submit your solutions for Exercises 2-1 and 2-2.

Preparation

In addition, practice problems for each exercise are provided in the Assessment 2 Practice Problems Worksheet. The worksheet and answer key can be found in the Capella Resources activity of this assessment and are optional.

The following resource is required to complete the assessment. Accounting homework help

CAPELLA RESOURCES

Click the link provided to view the following resource:

  • Adjusting Entries, Inventory, and Cost of Goods Sold Worksheet [DOCX].

Submission Guidelines

Submit your completed Adjusting Entries, Inventory, and Cost of Goods Sold Worksheet for faculty evaluation. Please do not submit completed practice problems with your assessment.

Competencies Measured

By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:

  • Competency 2: Apply accounting principles as the language of business.
    • Prepare adjusting journal entries for merchandising operations.
  • Competency 3: Communicate the effects of business events on an organization’s financial structure.
    • Prepare a multiple- or single-step income statement for merchandizing operations.
    • Compute current and acid test financial ratios.
    • Compute inventory costs using three inventory valuation methods.
    • Compute gross profit using three inventory valuation methods.
    • Financial Accounting Principles

      Assessment 2: Adjusting Entries, Inventory, and Cost of Goods Sold

      Use this worksheet to complete the following two exercises for Assessment 2. Refer to the instructions in the course for submitting your assessment.

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      Exercise 2-1

      For this exercise, use the following fiscal year-end unadjusted trial balance for the Bigelow Company.

      Note:   Rent and salary expenses are divided equally between general/administrative and selling activities. Bigelow uses a perpetual inventory system. Accounting homework help

       BIGELOW COMPANY

      Unadjusted Trial Balance

      April 30, 2012 (Fiscal year-end)

        Debit Credit
      Cash……………………………………………………………… $2,150  
      Merchandise inventory………………………………………. 12,100  
      Store supplies………………………………………………….. 4,600  
      Prepaid insurance…………………………………………….. 2,100  
      Store equipment………………………………………………. 42,350  
      Accumulated depreciation—Store equipment…………..   $12,000
      Accounts payable……………………………………………..   8,700
      Common stock…………………………………………………   4,500
      Retained earnings……………………………………………..   25,400
      Dividends……………………………………………………….. 1,800  
      Sales……………………………………………………………..   108,500
      Sales discounts……………………………………………….. 950  
      Sales returns and allowances……………………………… 1,750  
      Cost of goods sold……………………………………………. 36,300  
      Depreciation expense—Store equipment……………….. 0  
      Salaries expense……………………………………………… 32,500  
      Insurance expense…………………………………………… 0  
      Rent expense………………………………………………….. 13,800  
      Store supplies expense……………………………………… 0  
      Advertising expense…………………………………………..       8,700 _______
      Totals…………………………………………………………….. $159,100 $159,100
      1. Prepare adjusting journal entries for the following:
        1. $1,700 of store supplies remaining at the end of the fiscal year.
        2. $1,800 of expired insurance for the fiscal year (administrative expense).
        3. $1,250 depreciation expense on store equipment for the fiscal year (selling expense).
        4. $11,200 of merchandise inventory remaining at the end of the fiscal year (based on a physical count to estimate shrinkage).

      Adjustment (a):

       

      Adjustment (b):

       

      Adjustment (c):

       

      Adjustment (d):

       

      1. Prepare a fiscal year 2012 multiple-step income statem ent. For distinguished performance, prepare both multiple- and single-step income statements. Accounting homework help
      BIGELOW COMPANY

      Income Statement

      For Year Ended April 30, 2011

      [Create the 2011 multiple-step income statement here.]

      Prepare a fiscal year 2012 single-step income statement.

      BIGELOW COMPANY

      Income Statement

      For Year Ended April 30, 2011

      [Create the 2011 single-step income statement here.]

      1. Compute the following ratios as of April 30, 2012.
        1. Current ratio.
        2. Acid test ratio.

      [Compute the ratios here.]

      1. For distinguished performance, compute the gross margin ratio.

      [Compute the ratio here.]

      Exercise 2-2

      The following A. B. Murphy Company data show purchase and sales transactions for the month of April. A. B. Murphy uses a perpetual inventory system.

      Date Activities Units Purchased
      (at cost)
      Units Sold
      (at retail)
      Apr 1 Beginning inventory………………………… 065 units @ $40/unit  
      Apr 8 Purchase……………………………………… 225 units @ $45/unit  
      Apr 12 Sales……………………………………………   235 units @ 75/unit
      Apr 19 Purchase……………………………………… 050 units @ $50/unit  
      Apr 23 Purchase……………………………………… 125 units @ $55/unit 0
      Apr 27 Sales…………………………………………… ________   95 units @ 80/unit
        Totals………………………………………….. 465 units 330 units

      Compute the following:

      1. Cost of (1) goods available for sale and (2) number of units for sale.

       

      1. Number of units in ending inventory.

       

      1. Cost assigned to ending inventory, using any three of the following four methods. Compute costs using all four methods for distinguished performance. Round per unit costs to three decimal places and inventory balances to the nearest dollar.
        1. Weighted average.
        2. Specific identification (see note below).

      FIFO Perpetual

      Date Goods Purchased Cost of Goods Sold Inventory Balance

      LIFO Perpetual

      Date Goods Purchased Cost of Goods Sold Inventory Balance

      Weighted Average Perpetual

      Date Goods Purchased Cost of Goods Sold Inventory Balance

       

      Specific Identification

      Note:   The April 12 sale comprised 55 units from beginning inventory and 180 units from the April 8 purchase. The April 27 sale comprised 30 units from the April 19 purchase and 65 units from the April 23 purchase.

      Date Goods Purchased Cost of Goods Sold Inventory Balance

       

      1. Gross profit, using FIFO, LIFO, weighted average, and specific identification.
        FIFO LIFO
      Weighted

      Average

      Specific

      Identifi-cation

       

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